COVID-19: The War Room in Nigerian Newsrooms

Asides healthcare workers who are known to be on the frontline in the war against COVID-19, the media constitute a set of warriors in the struggle, albeit unsung.

Globally, the media have followed every event on the COVID-19 pandemic, sometimes creating fear but generally raising hope that the pandemic does not mean the end for humanity.

In Nigeria like the rest of the world, the media have not only been the purveyors of information but creators of content meant to encourage the people on ways to survive man’s biggest challenge in modern times ㅡ COVID-19.

HumAngle has monitored 13 major television stations and online newspapers since the outbreak of COVID-19 in the country and found that they have been innovative in their messaging styles.

The stations have created a synergy disseminating official government information on the disease outbreak, especially in covering daily updates by the Presidential Task Force on COVID-19.

Daily, the stations broadcast news, special reports, interviews, and analyses and features to educate the public and engage them with messages of hope, particularly as they are at home because of the lockdown.

Some use their regular programmes to focus on the pandemic. Such programmes include Sunrise Daily and Politics Today on Channels TV; and Road Matters on Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) network.

For example, through interviews and talk shows, Channels TV has addressed various issues, including how physically challenged Nigerians are coping with the disease outbreak, managing mental health during the lockdown, and the alleged link between 5G technology and coronavirus.

The NTA on its part brings senior government officials to its programmes and interviews them about steps that the government is adopting to check the spread of the disease.

Some online platforms such as TheCable, the International Centre for Investigative Reporting (ICIR), Premium Times, Punch, The Guardian, and Daily Trust, have all dedicated spaces on their websites to information and reports on COVID-19.

The publications have also adopted various forms of modern communication, including video reports, infographics, and tweetchats to reach their audiences.

Music as a way into people’s hearts

Channels TV uses music as a tool of public enlightenment and has severally aired “We Go Win (Corona)”, an original song from popular Nigerian musician Cobhams Asuquo.

“No shaking hands with your neighbour. Blow them a kiss from afar. Use soap and water to wage war. Let’s show this thing who we are,” Asuquo admonishes in the song. “Wash your hands, love each other, we go win o,” the song says.

The station also airs “Kanayo”, a song recently released by Nigerian singer, Flavour, which has lyrics that are relevant “at a time when Nigeria and the entire global community are taking time to reflect and ask God for grace, mercy and overall good health during the pandemic”.

Similarly, Ogun State Television (OGTV) has constantly aired a two-minute video partly recorded in Yoruba and featuring music and dance. The attention-grabbing clip sensitises people to the importance of social distancing, handwashing, and generally staying safe.

Visualising the data

Some news organisations have also evolved ways of summarising information and sharing such using infographics.

TheCable, for example, regularly releases infographics breaking down figures from the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) in very attractive ways.

Other designs by the platform educate readers on how they can get infected, things they can do to improve their chances of survival, and measures the NCDC wants various groups and institutions to adopt to curb the spread of the virus.

DailyTrust and HumAngle have also adopted similar strategies.

Every evening, HumanAngle extracts data on Africa in respect of the infection and shares it as infographics.

Another package is the publication’s COVID-19 National Emergency Map and Needs Delivery Scheme that provides information on each state detailing the number and location of available healthcare facilities and helplines for the citizens.

A unique feature of ICIR’s presentation is its use of an interactive dashboard, designed using Microsoft Power BI.

This provides all the fundamental figures about the disease infection locally and globally, drawing from updates provided by the World Health Organization (WHO) and Worldometres.

The dashboard also highlights information on preventive measures prescribed by WHO.

Africa Independent Television (AIT) on its part presents daily updates on the disease in Nigeria with a breakdown of the states using maps.

Guidance through moving pictures

Africa Independent Television (AIT) recorded a one and a half-minute video clip to educate viewers on the symptoms of the disease, its heavy casualty figures, and how people can reduce the spread of the virus through hand-washing, avoiding touching the face, not sharing personal items, and avoiding crowded places.

NTA also airs a two-minute video that includes cartoon illustrations to educate Nigerians on how coronavirus spreads and advises them to adhere to instructions from health authorities.

Apart from the television stations, some online news platforms such as HumAngle, The Guardian and Punch, also use videos to reach their audiences.

Video stories are a particularly strong aspect of Punch’s reports and many of them amplify the voices of ordinary Nigerians who are facing economic hardship due to the pandemic.

What to do about misinformation?

Dubawa, Premium Times’ independent fact-checking group, has especially published a number of reports repudiating misinformation being circulated through the social media.

TheCable has similarly released several well-researched reports to debunk widespread misinformation about COVID-19. And the ICIR has so far published no fewer than nine fact-checks, with key attention paid to claims about unconfirmed treatments for the disease.

Explainers, editorials, investigations

Aside from regular news reporting and publication of opinion pieces, TheCable online newspaper has released articles to explain issues such as the lockdown order and the 5G controversy.

Premium Times reporters have written a number of investigative stories and special reports about the crisis including How Nigerian Security Operatives Killed Five Prison Inmates During Riot; Coronavirus: Nigerian Tertiary Institutions Not Equipped For Distance Learning; and Coronavirus: Nigeria Has 350 ICU Beds For 200 Million People.


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